Mosquitoes are members of the order Diptera. In Australia there are 270 species.
Adult mosquitoes are 3-6 mm in length, slender long-legged, narrow-winged and equipped with piercing and sucking mouth parts. Traditionally, mosquitoes are a summer pest, but scientists have identified the London Underground mosquito as active all year round. Whilst mosquitoes in Australia are not usually associated with the diseases they carry in some tropical regions, they have been known to spread Ross River fever and Barmah Forest virus even as far south as Melbourne and Perth.
Mosquito eggs are usually laid on the surface of water, especially stagnant water. Around the home, mosquitoes find water containers including tree holes, non-draining roof gutters, septic tanks, draining pits, plant containers, old tyres and other rubbish. Mosquitoes may also breed in lakes, streams, pools, swamps, dams and irrigation ditches, so if your home is near these, be particularly alert to mosquito outbreaks.
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